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January 24

Compiled and Written by Irene Stuber
who is solely responsible for its content.
This document has been taken from emailed versions
of Women of Achievement. The complete episode
will be published here in the future.

Part of the "Bill of Rights for Women"

Parental Notification Laws


QUOTES by Queen Elizabeth II of Britain and Kate Millet.

A Long Way?

      Have we come a long way, baby? The following is the Bill of Rights for Women proposed by the National Organization for Women in 1969:
      I. That the United States Congress immediately pass the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution to provide that "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex," and that such then be immediately ratified by the several States.
      II. That equal employment opportunity be guaranteed to women, as well as men, by insisting that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission enforces the prohibitions against sex discrimination in employment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the same vigor as it enforces the prohibitions against racial discrimination.
      III. That women be protected by law to ensure their right to return to their jobs within a reasonable time after childbirth without the loss of seniority or other accrued benefits, and be paid maternity leave as a form of social security and/or employee benefit.

[Compare the Women's Rights Party Platform, 1922, in the WiiN Library.]

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Molly Ivins on Parental Notification

      "If you have ever talked with minor girls who apply for the court's consent to get an abortion rather than notify their parents, you understand something of the wretched tangle of violence, incest, and physical abuse that afflicts so many families. When legislatures go about putting restrictions on abortion as though every family consisted of Ozzie and Harriet and two darling children, they add another terrible burden to lives that are already almost unbearable. You cannot save the life of an unborn child by driving its mother to suicide."
            -- Molly Ivins, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 1992, as reprinted in Nothin' But Good Times Ahead. New York: Random House, Inc., 1993. ISBN 0-679- 41915-2. Molly Ivins' columns are a beacon in the arid land of reactionary editorial pages. If your daily newspaper doesn't carry her columns, start a campaign.

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B. 01-24-1850, Charles Egbert Craddock, pseudonym of Mary Noailles Murfree who wrote of Tennessee mountain life.

B. 01-24-1857, Kate Harwood Waller Barrett, American physician, president of the National Florence Crittenton Mission for unwed mothers from 1909 to her death in 1925. President of the National Council of Women in America. CHWB was one of the first vocal advocates for the plight of lower-income women faced with the burden of raising a child alone. (Men in those days had no legal obligation to support their children.)

B. 01-24-1862, Edith Newbold Wharton, American novelist who examined the upper-class society of New York City with irony and wit.
      ENW won the 1921 Pulitzer Prize for her novel Age of Innocence (movie 1994) and in 1935 for the Pulitzer for her drama The Old Maid. She was the first woman to receive an honorary degree from Yale University. Her childhood nickname - Pussy Jones - followed her all of her life.
      She always wrote in private in her boudoir. Her stories were of her day and so were her women who were real and had human failings. Her work fell into relative obscurity as part of the academic blackout that relegated women authors into the "not worth reading" category until recently resurrected by feminists. Her life portrayed by male biographers as bland and uninteresting - a married old maid - has instead been revealed as lively with romantic encounters and affairs.

B. 01-24-1883, Estelle Winwood worked regularly as a character actor for more than 80 years until her death at 101. She was touring in a My Fair Lady production on her 100th birthday.

B. 01-24-1888, Vicki Baum, Austrian-born American novelist whose Menschen im Hotel (1929; trans. Grand Hotel) became an international best-seller and the Academy Award-winning 1932 movie. She moved to the U.S. and became a Hollywood screen writer.

B. 01-24-1890, Neysa McMein, creator of the soft-colored, glowing pastels of women and children.

B. 01-24-1895, Maria Tallchief, North American Indian classical ballerina whose fine technique mark her as one of the greatest ballerinas of this nation, recognized as a national treasure. Her sister was noted ballerina Marjorie (B. 10-19-1927).

B. 01-24-1915, Vitazslava Kaprolova, Czechoslovakian conductor and composer who performed her own piano concerto at 14, conducted the Czech and the BBC philharmonic orchestras before her death at 25.

B. 01-24-1919, Nora Beloff, the first woman foreign correspondent in Washington, D.C., for the British Observer newspaper and its first woman political editor.

B. 01-24-1923, Santha Rama-Rau, Indian author lived in England during her formative years and when she returned there, she no longer fit in. Her Home to India (1945) defines some of the problems she and other women faced in that culture.

B. 01-24-1925, Maria Tallchief, American ballet dancer.

B. 01-24-1927, Paula Fickes Hawkins, U.S. Senator from Florida.

B. 01-24-1968, Mary Lou Retton, first American woman to win an individual Olympic gold medal in gymnastics. She scored perfect tens to win the combined event in 1984.

Event 01-24-1974, Shirley Plume, a Oglala Sioux, becomes superintendent of Standing Rock in North Dakota.

Event 01-24-1985, it was Police Chief Penny Harrington, Ma'am, of Portland, Oregon. Harrington became the first woman police chief of a major American city after 24 years with the department. In June of 1986 she resigns under fire from the city commission and in October, 1986 is approved for a claim of stress-related disability by the city's Police and Disability and Retirement Board.

Event 01-24-1989, rapist-serial killer of dozens of women Ted Bundy was finally put to death in Florida's electric chair ending an unbelievable chain of poor police work that cost many women their lives as he roamed free. He was finally convicted because of distinctive bite marks on one of his victims in Florida. The full story of this monster and the mutilation-torture of his victims, as well as the number of his victims has never been fully told.

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      "I simply ache from smiling. Why are women expected to beam all the time? It's unfair. If a man looks solemn, it's automatically assumed he's a serious person, not a miserable one."
            -- Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain.

      "Many women do not recognize themselves as discriminated against; no better proof could be found of the totality of their conditioning."
            -- Kate Millett, Sexual Politics

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