Compiled and Written by Irene Stuber
who is solely responsible for its content.
06-30 TABLE of CONTENTS:
QUOTES by Jennifer Gagliardi.
Hanna Penn, Governor of Pennsylvania Colony
Head of the Pennsylvania colony, William Penn, 67, suffers a massive stroke in 1712 and is rendered almost completely helpless. His second wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn, 41, convinces (some say bribed) colony officials to not notice that she guides Penn's hand in signing colonial documents. She goes on to rule the colony in Penn's name for 6 years and then another eight in her own name.
She had been pregnant with their second of eight children when the couple embarked on the 3-month ship voyage from England to the the New World in 1699.
William Penn died at age 73 July 30, 1718. Penn's will gives full control of the colony and his fortune to his widow, Hannah, and she will govern it for 8 more years for a total of almost 14 years. (What? You didn't read that in your history books???
She fights Indians, corrupt politicians, and the British King but she does not give up her right to govern what becomes the Keystone state.
The most serious challenge comes from Penn s oldest son by his first marriage who seeks to set aside his father's will. Hannah successfully fights the suit. She dies in 1726 from a stroke at age 55.
Of the 13 original colonies, two of them were governed by women through crucial years: Margaret Brent in Maryland and Hanna Penn in Pennsylvania.
Danteste, Apache Woman Warrior
Danteste (or Tah-Des-Te) was an Apache woman warrior. It was not at all uncommon for girls to choose the warrior's way in several of the matrilineal governed Indian societies - as some men chose to be wives to other men, or to raise children, etc. Danteste was regarded as a great warrior and hunter. She was a mediator between Geronomo and the U.S. Calvary. It is estimated she was born around 1865 and died in 1925.
Rosalie Castro - (1837-1885) is held by may critics on level with Becquer. She is called "one of the most delicate, most intense, most original poets Spain has ever produced."
Lady Anne Finch Conway
Conway, Lady Anne Finch - often called the "forgotten woman of science." She wrote The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy.
Crain, Gertrude - took over as chair of the Crain Communications publishing company after her husband's death and operated it for more than 20 years. The group publishes such journals as Advertising Age, Automotive News and Electronic Media. In 1982, GC was a founding member of the Committee of 200 which brought together the top 200 women business owners and executives of the country for networking.
06-29 DATES, ANNIVERSARIES, and EVENTS
B. 06-30-1768, Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, wife of James, bravely ended elaborate, time-consuming social call obligations of the Presidential family. Such calls were so important that they were even discussed at a Presidential cabinet meeting.
B. 06-30-1819, Lucile Grahn - Danish choreographer and internationally acclaimed ballerina known for her lightness and technical abilities, especially in her pirouettes. Later in life she became noted for her innovative staging including the staging of various operas of Wagner.
B. 06-30-1868, Mabel Cratty - U.S.social worker and general secretary of the National Board of the Young Women's Christian Association. Under her leadership the organization went from 300 branches to 1,300.
Event June 30, 1870: Ada H. Kepley, the first woman to graduate from a U.S. law school (Illinois).
B. 06-30-1872, Louise Pound - U.S. scholar, educator, and athlete. She made pioneering contribution to American philology and folklore. She was a close friend of Willa Cather in college. In Sharon O'Brien's biography Willa Cather (1897), love letters between Pound and Cather are discussed.
B. 06-30-1879, Lydia Jane Roberts - pioneering U.S. nutrionist and home economics educator.
B. 06-30-1879, Edna Noble White, founding director of the Merrill-Palmer Institute (1919).
B. 06-30-1883, Dorothy Eugenia Rogers Tilly - U.S. civil rights reformer.
B. 06-30-1917, Lena Horne, started off as singer-dancer at the famed Cotton Club in Harlem. She became the most successful black singer of the 30s and 40s because of her stunning beauty and distinctive vocal style - and her marriage to a well-known white musician. In 1942 she was the first black artist offered a long-term movie contract. LH was blacklisted for a short time during the McCarthy era for her friendship with Paul Robeson. After years of retirement, she returned to the stage in The Lady and Her Music, one-woman show that toured the nation in 1981. It was a triumphant. LH was bitterly criticized by the Black community for many years for not being politically active.
B. 06-30-1917(?), Susan Hayward, Hollywood film actor who beat the stereotyping star system by taking acting lessons. Once cast as a beautiful face with stupid dialogue, she won the Academy Award for her stunning performance as Barbara Graham, a convicted murderer fighting execution, in I Want to Live (1958). She self-studied to eliminate her Brooklyn accent. She paid her dues in Hollywood with small parts for years and then got caught up in technicolor extravaganzas. She finally became powerful enough to demand good roles, those of desperate women in desperate situations.
Event 06-30-1927: Phoebe Fairgrave Omlie, received the first pilot's license issued to an American woman.
B. 06-30-1940, Pat Schroeder entered the U. S. House of Representatives in 1973 at age 32 with children ages 6 and 2, the first congressional woman representative with small children. When questioned how she would manage, she replied "I have a brain and a uterus. I use them both." She retired in 1995 after 25 years as one of the most outspoken defenders of women's rights and critics of bloated military spending. She became head of the Association of American Publishers.
DIED 06-30-1953, Beatrice Ethel Grimshaw, Irish born, Pacific South Seas traveler who spent her life traveling the islands. She wrote more than 30 travel books and novels based on her experiences including The Victorian Family Robinson (1934).
Event 06-30-1974: Alberta Williams King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr., is murdered by a black gunman in the Atlanta church where her husband is pastor.
Event 06-30-1980: Vigdis Finnbogadottir, elected president of Iceland and becomes the first democratically elected female head of state in the history of the world. (British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was NOT democratically elected. She was chosen to head her party by party members - a type of Republican government.)
Event 06-30-1982: Equal Rights Amendment fails ratification when the Illinois legislature fails to endorse women's rights by just a few votes. The margin of defeat was put directly at the doorstep of black legislators who boycotted the amendment the first time through in order to advance the male black legislative agenda. By the time they changed their vote, enough white men had switched and the amendment went down to defeat in Illinois, considered a key state in the final hours.
Event 06-30-1994: The U.S. Figure Skating Association (USFSA) took its 1994 national championship away from Tonya Harding, who had previously pleaded guilty to a conspiracy charge related to an assault on her rival Nancy Kerrigan. After Kerrigan's s injury, Harding won the title in January. The USFSA concluded that Harding had "prior knowledge" of the incident. Harding also was banned from its ranks for life. Four men had admitted roles in the attack.
QUOTES DU JOUR
"Coming from a football family, years of my life have been spent watching men playing sports - a surreal experience for some women. Every time I go to a Laser's game (ABL) - or any women's sports event I feel as if I am participating in herstory."
--Jennifer Gagliardi, volunteer extra ordinaire, who tends the mailing list for Women of Achievement and Herstory.
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