11-09 TABLE of CONTENTS:
QUOTES by Voltaraine de Cleyre and Robin Morgan.
Born Nov. 9, 1871, Florence Sabin, first woman to teach at Johns Hopkins Medical College as the first female professor at a medical school. She was a key figure in the movement to change medical care from the cure of disease to the maintenance of health.
Combining research with teaching, by 1919 she had determined the origin of red corpuscles in the body. In 1925 she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and became a member of the Rockefeller Institute, both firsts for women. She was forced to retire from the institute in 1939 because of her age, but she continued her research privately.
Her mother Rena Miner was a teacher. Sabin was the first woman to graduate from John Hopkins University (after a huge donation in 1897 by Mary Garrett forced Johns Hopkins to accept women). A Johns Hopkins classmate Dorothy Mendenhall identified the cell that causes Hodgkin's disease. When she returned to Colorado, the state of her birth, she was appointed chair of a subcommittee on public health. Her statue is in the Statuary Hall in Washington, DC.
11-09 DATES, ANNIVERSARIES, and EVENTS
B. 11-09-1805, Harriot Kezia Hunt, gaining an informal medical education, emphasized hygiene, diet and common sense. Refused entrance to Harvard Medical College because of her sex in 1847, was finally accepted in 1850 but male students objected and she was refused again. No woman would be allowed into the college for another century. Active in the woman suffrage movement.
B. 11-09-1831, Cornelia Adele Strong Fassatt, painter of The Florida Case Before the Electoral Commission hanging in the U.S. Capitol building that contains the faithful likenesses of 260 prominent figures of the day.
B. 11-09-1833, Sally Louisa Tompkins, made a captain in the Confederacy so she could continue operating a private hospital which had less than a 7% fatality rate, an unbelievably low rate for the times. She was buried with full military honors when she died in 1916.
B. 11-09-1866, Florence Prag Kahn, U.S. Representative, California's Fourth Congressional District, 1925-1937. Deeply committed to politics during her husband's 25 years of public service, she won his seat in a special election when he died. Both witty and effective, she soon became an influential member of Congress serving on the military and appropriations committees. Due to her lobbying, federal funds were secured for the San Francisco Bay Bridge.
B. 11-09-1869, Marie Dressler, won 1930 Academy Award for Min and Bill.
B. 11-09-1871, Florence Sabin, the first woman to graduate from John Hopkins University (after a huge donation in 1897 by a woman required women be admitted to the university) Sabin discovered the origin of red corpuscles. A classmate, Dorothy Mendenhall identified the cell that causes Hodgkin's disease. Sabin was the first woman to teach at Johns Hopkins Medical College, the first female professor at a medical school. Key figure in movement to change medical care from cure of disease to maintenance of health. Her mother, Rena Miner, was a teacher.
B. 11-09-1883, Edna May Oliver, character actress of stage and screen.
B. 11-09-1905, Arthemise Goertz, author was caught in Japan during World War II and was kept in house arrest for the duration.
B. 11-09-1928, Anne Sexton, tormented American poet who won Pulitzer Prize for her poems examining her emotional illness.
Event 11-09-1938: Crystal Night in Germany when Hitler's men raided Jewish homes and synagogues. The name is derived from the broken glass that covered the streets. Lest we forget... More than four million women and children were killed by Hitler. He abolished abortion and birth control and held contests and awarded medals for women bearing the most children, had camps and homes where women were used for men's pleasure and breeding - and there were no women were among the leaders of the Nazi party. In addition to sharing ALL the horrors that the men in concentration camps suffered at the hands of the Nazis, the women also were raped and sexually tortured - by both inmates and Nazis.
Event 11-09-1973, Billie Jean King testified in a U.S. Senate hearing that women's athletic programs receive only 1% of what men's programs receive.
Event 11-09-1977, at the request of the American bishops, the Roman Catholic Church halted, retroactively, the automatic excommunication of divorced and remarried American-Catholics.
QUOTES DU JOUR
De CLEYRE, VOLTARAINE:
"Let every woman ask herself: 'Why am I the slave of Man? Why is my brain said not to be the equal of his brain? Why is my work not paid equally with his? Why must my body be controlled by my husband? Why may he take my labor in the household, giving me in exchange what he deems fit? Why may he take my children from me? Will take them away while yet unborn?' Let every woman ask."
-- Voltaraine de Cleyre (1866-1912) written in 1890.
"I'm just a person trapped inside a woman's body."
-- Robin Morgan
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