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November 13

Compiled and Written by Irene Stuber
who is solely responsible for its content.
This document has been taken from emailed versions
of Women of Achievement. The complete episode
will be published here in the future.

Virginia Kneeland Frantz, medical educator


QUOTE by Roseanne Barr.

Dr. Virginia Kneeland Frantz

      Born Nov. 13, 1896, Virginia Kneeland Frantz, medical educator and surgical pathologist. When a student, M. Carey Thomas encouraged her to go into medicine. She entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, which in 1917 allowed women for a short period because of the drop in male enrollment during WWI. She turned to pathology so as not to compete with her physician husband, but their marriage still failed as her fame grew.
Her monograph Armed Forces Atlas of Tumor Pathology (1959) remains a standard text. She studied chronic cystic tumors in women's breasts. She discovered exidized cellulose, which when placed directly into a wound is absorbed by the body and reduces bleeding. From 1924-1962 she taught surgery at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, finally becoming full professor in 1951. Her mother was a trustee of a major hospital.

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B. 11-13-1860, Helen Archibald Clarke with lifetime partner Charlotte Endymion Porter founded, edited, and published Poet Lore which introduced Americans to a number of European modern poets. Both were prolific writers and editors of writings by Shakespeare, Browning, Longfellow, and others. Ms. Clarke was also a talented musician and composer.

B. 11-13-1862, Mary Henrietta Kingsley, English traveler who explored and collected flora and fauna in equatorial and western Africa when convention said women of her class should be serving high tea.

B. 11-13-1876, Alice Spencer Geddes, educator, builder of a college, a community center, and a legend in the eastern Kentucky hills around Troublesome Creek. A landowner there had offered her and her mother 50 acres to teach his children. Within five years she had opened seven other high schools in the surrounding area. In her 30 years there, she also founded what is now Alice Lloyd College, which accepted no federal or state funds... and charged no tuition to the poverty-stricken youth of the area.

B. 11-13-1897, Tily Edinger, paleoneurologist, vertebrate paleontologist, German-born American of prominent family (her mother's bust was in a Frankfurt park and a street was named after her father) was forced to flee Germany because she was Jewish. In 1927 she had become curator of the vertebrate collection at the Senckenberg Museum. In 1940 she joined the Museum of Comparative Zoology where she continued the rest of her life. Her groundbreaking work was in the study of fossil brains, which proved that each species evolved its brain to its own needs.

B. 11-13-1924, Sarah Jeannette Jackson, American-born Canadian sculptor represented in numerous permanent collections in U.S. and Canada.

Event: 11-13-1931, Arkansas's Hattie Ophelia Wyatt Caraway appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the seat of her late husband. In 1932 she became the first woman to be elected to the Senate in her own right, re-elected in 1938, introduced an Equal Rights Amendment.

B. 11-13-1938, Jean Seber, tragic American-born international film star who was systematically defamed and hounded into suicide for an alleged interracial relationship that never even occurred.

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      "Why is it so shocking to see a woman kiss another woman [on TV] but not to see a woman raped, mutilated, and murdered every two seconds?"
            -- Roseanne Barr, commenting on the controversial kiss between two women on the March, 1994 Roseanne television episode.

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