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December 3

Compiled and Written by Irene Stuber
who is solely responsible for its content.
This document has been taken from emailed versions
of Women of Achievement. The complete episode
will be published here in the future.

Marriage and Ambition


QUOTES by Anne Quindlen and Nancy Pickard.

Excerpt from Women and the Trades

      "Cause and effect in their case work in a circle.
      "Expectations of marriage, as a customary means of support, stunts professional ambition among women. This lack of ambition can have no other effect than to limit efficiency, and restricts them to subsidiary, uninteresting, and monotonous occupations. The very character of their work in turn lessens their interest in it.
      "Without interest they least of all feel themselves integral parts of the industry and in consequence assume no responsibility, affect no loyalty. They do not care to learn; opportunity to learn is not given them; both are causes and both are effects.
      "Women see only a fight for place, and a very uncertain advantage if they gain it; wages are low, again both cause and effect of their dependence on others for their support. They shift around on lower levels of industry from packing room to metal work, from metal work to laundry work, a very few, through unwonted good fortune, unwonted determination, break through the circle and rise."
            -- Elizabeth Beardsley Butler, Women and the Trades.

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B. 12-03-1764, Mary Lamb, English author, wrote 14 of the 20 Tales from Shakespeare with her brother, Charles (who got top billing), as well as many other poems and stories.

B. 12-03-1799, Margaret O'Neale Eaton, either an adulteress or the victim of scandalous rumors. Her marriage to the man who would become a cabinet officer resulted in a scandal that caused Andrew Jackson to dismiss his entire cabinet, and that resulted in the permanent breach between Jackson and Calhoun which led to Martin Van Buren's becoming President rather than Calhoun.

B. 12-03-1838, Octavia Hill, leader of the British open-spaces movement and the formation of England's National Trust for Places of Historic Interest (1895). She was also a housing reformer.

B. 12-03-1842, Ellen Henrietta Richards, American chemist who founded the home-economics movement and developed numerous standard anti-pollution methods. Virtually created the profession of dietician. Discovered process of naphtha dry cleaning. Instrumental in pioneer food and drug acts which led to the federal involvement. A founder of the American Association of University Women.

B. 12-03-1892, Harriet Stratemeyer Adams, author of all 55 of the Nancy Drew mysteries and most of the Hardy Boys and Toms Swift Jr., series as well as numerous books in the Bobbsey Twins and other books in the Stratemeyer publishing empire. Took over the organization in 1930 when her father died. In all wrote almost 200 books under the names of Victoria Appleton II, May Hollis Barton, Franklin W. Dixon, Larua Lee Hope, Carolyn Keene, Ann Sheldon and Helen Louis Thorndyke.

B. 12-03-1895, Anna Freud, internationally renowned Austrian-American psychoanalyst, daughter of Sigmund. Founder of child psychoanalysis. She was an outspoken critic of Adolph Hitler and was forced to flee Europe. Wrote the classic Ego and Mechanisms of Defence (1936) and founded the Hampstead Child Therapy Clinic.

B. 12-03-1911, Dana Suesse, classical and popular music composer called the female George Gershwin because she composed works in both genres. Best known works: "You're So Beautiful," "The Night is Young," "You Ought to Be in Pictures."

B. 12-03-1914, Tanya Moiselwitsch, considered one of England's foremost stage designers. Her mother Daisy Kennedy was an Austrian concert violinist.

Event, 12-03-1918, the gentlemen of the Union of Streetcar Conductors went on strike against the employment of women conductors. The following spring, the War Labor Board voted with the women and their right to their jobs.

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      " 'How's being married, Aunt Celeste?' Maggie asked.
      " 'It's better this time,' Celeste said thoughtfully. 'But still it's the same. It's not natural having someone else telling you what to do all the time. But at least we're not arguing about how much I spend on clothes. When I was married to your Uncle Charlie, one little blouse and - pow! He broke my nose once over a winter coat.'
      " 'Don't tell her things like that,' Maggie's mother said. 'It'll make her think all marriages are like that.' Celeste lifted her eyebrows again."
-- Anne Quindlen

      "What do think marriage is, Sis? I'll tell you what it is - some man wraps love around your eyes like a blindfold, he binds your hands with sex, then he leads you to the altar to sacrifice your brains to his ambition and your abilities to his convenience."
-- Nancy Pickard in Marriage is Murder.

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