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February 9

Compiled and Written by Irene Stuber
who is solely responsible for its content.
This document has been taken from emailed versions
of Women of Achievement. The complete episode
will be published here in the future.

Excerpt from New York Times articles on women professors


QUOTES by Louisa May Alcott and Diane Westerfield.

From 1995 New York Times articles:

"I would like some company," Dr. Phoebe S. Leboy said after 25 years with the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine.
      She is the only female professor the dental school ever had. Eight other women are on the 51-member faculty but none are full professors.
      In the Ivy League schools, women make up only 7 to 13% of the professors, excluding medical schools.
      While women make up more than half of all college students, they make up just 27.6% of faculty members.
      While women make up only 11.6% of FULL professorships nationwide, in Junior Colleges with their lower pays, women are 38%. At Harvard, male professors earn an average of $93,000 a year while women of EQUAL RANK earn $79,900 on the average. At Brown University, women make up only 9% of the full professors, Columbia University 13%, Cornell private 7%, Cornell public 11%, Dartmouth, Harvard and Pennsylvania 11% of full professors are women, and Princeton 10%. Yale's total at 9% shows a doubling in women professors in the last decade.
      However, the bright note for the future (don't stop thinking about tomorrow) is that women in associate and assistant professorships are 20 to 49% of the totals ... creating pressures on that glass ceiling.
            -- Information excerpted from New York Times articles.

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B. 02-09-1819, Lydia E. Pinkham developed a home tonic of herbs and 19% alcohol that she gave her children. As the tonic grew famous in her neighborhood she made her first sales in 1875 to earn money since she was married to a dreamer whose ship never came in. Later, her son marketed the home remedy under her direction.
      By 1879, Lydia's Pinkham's tonic was a flourishing enterprise. She also wrote about women's "ills" in a more sensible fashion than was popular in the day, emphasizing cleanliness, and speaking frankly about menopause, uterine collapse, etc., things that women did not have general access to because of the male medical system.
      When the compound was first marketed, many home remedies contained opium and small doses of compounds of mercury and arsenic, which hers did not. Many operations at the time had a 40% mortality rate (and high rate of death in childbirth) and doctors were recommending such things as nitric acid douches although they refused to wash their hands.

B. 02-09-1849, Laura Clay at the 1920 convention became the first woman to receive a vote for the presidential nominee of the Democratic Party. She was a noted suffrager and first president of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association.

B. 02-09-1865, Mrs. Patrick Campbell, English actor who specialized in intelligent roles and for whom George Bernard Shaw wrote Pygmalion.

B. 02-09-1872, Helen Elizabeth Haines, librarian, championed literary freedom in book selection for libraries and literary concerns over automation and information systems. HerLiving With Books: The Art of Book Selection (1935) became a standard text. "We must face controversial violences and prevailing hatreds, must counteract mass pressures from super-patriots, must continue to make material on all sides of any subject available to readers."

B. 02-09-1874, Amy Lowell, poet. Imagist leader. 1921 (1925) Pulitzer Prize poetry winner for What O'Clock. Biographer of Keats. She often expressed surprise that the critics did not realize her love poems were directed at a woman.

B. 02-09-1941, Carole King, singer, songwriter. Her soft rock Tapestry album sold more than 13 million copies and in 1971 she won four Grammy awards. "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" in 1960-61 was her first hit to top the charts. After her divorce in 1969 she changed her style and performed solo. "You've got a Friend" was the 1971 Grammy best song and "It's Too Late" the best record.

B. 02-09-1944, Alice Walker, Black American essayist, poet, novelist, and womanist. Won 1983 Pulitzer Prize for her novel The Color Purple (1982). Her Warrior Marks and Possessing the Secret of Joy take up the horrendous practice of female genital mutilation in some African locations.

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      "Let us hear no more of 'woman's sphere' from the State House or pulpit - no more twaddle about sturdy oaks and clinging vines. let woman find out her own limitations, but in heaven's name, give her a chance! Let the professions be opened to her. Let fifty years of college education be hers. And then we shall see what she can do!"
            -- Louisa May Alcott

      "The woman needs to have a better sense of self so that she realizes she can create her own future, her own world, apart from this abusive man. But somebody needs to find out why that man is hitting her and try and change his behavior. If she leaves, he may try to kill her, or, failing that, he'll probably find someone else to abuse. Men are capable of controlling themselves, you know. Just as with rape... a man is not biologically compelled to rape women, even if there's a naked teenager in front of him, the fact of her youth and nakedness does not turn him into a raping robot. He has free will and he has to choose to act the way he does. Let's find out why men are abusing women and how we can stop this abuse!!"
      -- Diane Westerfield

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