|Feminists have instigated a new and sometimes
acrimonious field of discussion regarding wars. Traditional historians
and military men have blissfully discounted civilian efforts and their
casualties in the ongoing stampede to glorify the accomplishments and sacrifices
of military personnel.
R.A.F. 507 - civilians 43,000+
Yet in almost every action in World War II
when bombing and large-scale invasions brutalized the helpless civilians,
the civilian losses (mostly women and the very young and the very old)
is only a minor postscript. The
fact is that more *women* were killed in the invasion of France in WWII
The following quote from a column by Jack Anderson's
column of November 1999 makes the point:
"...Churchill would praise the R.A.F. in
a speech summarizing the Battle of Britain: 'Never in the field of human
conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.'
"But Home Secretary and Minister of Home
Security offered another credit:
"If the morale of London had cracked, it
could have lost the war. If the morale of the women of London alone had
cracked, we could have lost the war. But it did not. They stuck it. They
decided London could take it, and London did. So did the. rest of Britain."
The battle s statistics tell the tale: RAF personnel
killed 507; British civilians killed more than 43,000.
--Jack Anderson's column,
The killing of civilians - massacres after rapes
- were as common in many "older" wars fought with spears and
maces as those fought with planes and rockets. In fact, the genocide (usually
excepting only breeding age women) of villages or locals were common.
Aleksandra Mikhaylovna Kollontay
Aleksandra Mikhaylovna Kollontay
(b. April 1, 1872) not only was the first woman to formally serve
as a representative of her country in a foreign nation but was the first
person in U.S. history to be forbidden passage through the U.S.
on moral grounds.
AMK was a top ranking Bolshevik leader in the
revolution to overthrow the Czarist government. She became a Soviet Russia
diplomat who became the first woman to formally serve as a minister or
ambassador to a foreign country. Although the post appeared to be a high
one, in actuality it was to a small country and was simply a way to get
her away from the centers of power in the Kremlin.
She became a pain to the Red leaders as she fought
for women's rights and she was shunted aside in the Bolshevik movement
for it. Women pushed aside after victory is a common experience for women
who fight in revolutionary or human rights causes. The men, after the winning,
expect the women to retreat to the kitchens and bedrooms, i.e., do the
woman things and leave the governing to them. Freedom was for them, not
Her public love affairs with a several men then
caused the United States (perhaps encouraged by the Soviet hierarchy) to
formally refuse her passage through this country when she was on
her way to Mexico as a representative of the Soviet Union. The hypocrisy
of singling out a woman for morals violations in a world where male leaders
had official mistresses who often traveled with them in the U.S. is beyond
Matilde Franziska Giesler Anneke
Matilde Franziska Giesler Anneke
(b. 04-03-1817) is a wonderful example of how men join together to repress
MFGA was a German-born American translator, poet,
playwright, author, editor, suffragist, and fighter for women's rights.
In Germany during 1848 she published Neue Kolnische
Zeitung a revolutionary journal and Deutsche Frauen Zeitung,
the first women's publication in Western Europe. Married to a revolutionary,
she went into battle at his side during skirmishes against police in the
streets of her city.
Losing, they fled Germany to Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
with their six children. There she reestablished the Deutsche Frauen
Zeitung, a monthly feminist journal which employed only women even
as printers and compositors.
The publication was forced to close because a
(male) German typographical union demanded that printing firms fire any
women who worked as printers and compositors. . .or else. She moved to
New Jersey where she published her woman's rights journal for almost three
She divorced her husband and went to Switzerland
with Mary Booth to whom she dedicated several poems. Returning to Milwaukee
after the Civil War she founded the Wisconsin Women's Suffrage Association
(1869) and helped found the "Tochter Institut" (no "e")
where she was both principal and a teacher.
Marie Iowa, Marie Aine, Ayvoise, L'Aguivoise,
Marie Toupin, or Marie Dorion
Survived 53 days of the
Oregon bitter winter in a lean-to
- with two small children
This tale will exhaust you - and make you proud
to be a woman!
Marie Dorion, a member of the Iowa-tribe whose
tale of survival and protecting her small children should rank as one of
the world's greatest examples of a woman's (or man's) bravery and spirit.
While pregnant, this Indian woman along with her guide/translator Indian
husband and two children traveled with an overland expedition from St.
Louis to Astoria, Oregon, at the mouth of the Columbia River.
She gave birth in what is now Oregon after many
male members of the expedition fell out exhausted. Remember, these guys
didn't have the additional duties of family care giving, mothering, sexual
demands, or pregnancy.
Her children were offered a horse to ride, but
since the youngest was only two, she mostly carried him on her back as
she walked. Her newborn child only survived a few days under the
harsh conditions which included such things as her having to ride a horse
20 miles the day after the birth to keep up with the men who wouldn't pause
for such woman things.
Her husband then led his family on a beaver-trapping
expedition, trekking more than 300 miles away from the main post at Astoria.
He and the men with him built a rough cabin near what is now Kingman, OR.
Some of the men including her husband went out for beaver.
She went after him in what some sources say was
an attempt to warn her husband of danger but her husband's group was massacred
before she - along with her two children - could reach them. With her children,
she made her way back to the cabin only to find the men there also murdered.
Marie Dorion loaded what provisions she could
find onto her horse and led her children towards the Columbia River, going
some 120 miles before being trapped by a snow storm in the Blue Mountains.
She constructed a lean-to of branches and packed snow where she and the
children survived 53 days of the Oregon bitter winter. When the food was
gone in mid-March (even the horse was killed for food) she attempted to
reach safety on foot.
She quickly became snow- blind but somehow found
a Wallawalla Indian village. The friendly inhabitants gave her and her
children refuge. Passing fur traders then took her to a post in northeast
She had three more children in two more relationships,
the latter two with Jean Baptiste Toupin whom she married. Her descendants
still live in the area.
The facts of her struggles are well documented
although after her death, her bravery failed to reach historical importance..
Her name was variously recorded as Marie Iowa, Marie Aine, Ayvoise, L'Aguivoise,
Marie Toupin, or Marie Dorion in trading and in extant church records.