|07-01 TABLE of CONTENTS:
DATES, ANNIVERSARIES, and
07-01 DATES, ANNIVERSARIES, and
Event 07-01-1968: On this date, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court voided
the Muncy Law that REQUIRED women to serve longer prison terms - often
2.5 times longer - than men who are convicted of the same crime. The successful
appeal was handled by attorneys of the National Organization for Women.
More recently, a number of states including New York and California
have made studies ordered by their supreme courts and found that women
are still sentenced to longer terms for the *same* crimes as men. The practice
is said to be pervasive. (Paula C. Johnson provided this citation: Carolyn
Engel Temin, Discriminatory Sentencing of Women Offenders: The Argument
for ERA in a Nutshell, 11 Amer. Crim. L. Rev. 355 (1973).)
B. 07-01-1776, Sophie Gay, French novelist who was said to live
a notorious life which in those days when women's conduct was so structured
that such an accusation could have been caused by anything from a romantic
affair to wearing the wrong colored dress.
B. 07-01-1804, George Sand, French novelist whose fame continues
into the 21st century. Her first novel Indiana_ (1832) was somewhat autobiographical
as she complains of social conventions that tie a woman to a husband and
describes the joy when she abandons him and finds true love elsewhere.
Her best novels were of life in the French countryside. She had a number
of lovers including the Polish composer Fr‚d‚ric Chopin.
B. 07-01-1814, Ade(\e) Parmentier Bayer, U.S. pioneer Catholic
B. 07-01-1850, Florence Van Leer Nicholson Coates, U.S. poet
chosen poet laureate of Pennsylvania.
Event 07-01-1851: an Iowa law went into effect that barred women,
white or black, or black men from becoming lawyers by using the term "any
white male person." The "white male" term was replaced by
"he or she" in 1870.
Event 07-01-1857: Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, graduated
three women as the first non-sectarian college to grant women equal degrees
Event 07-01-1872: An Illinois law went into effect that stated
"no person shall be precluded or debarred from any occupation orbemployment
(except military) on account of sex, provided that this act shall not be
construed to affect the eligibility of any person to an elective office.
Nothing in this act shall be construed as requiring any female to work
on streets or roads, or serve on juries." It opened the door for women
to become doctors and lawyers.
B. 07-01-1876, Susan Keating Glaspell, U.S. novelist and playwright
who won the 1930 Pulitzer prize for her play Allison's House. She
wrote no further plays but continued to write novels that examined women's
struggles with biology, conservative mores, and other influences on her
freedom and happiness. Her early stories were steeped in the Iowa of her
childhood and after the success of her first novel, she resettled in New
York, married a wealthy home-town boy and lived and romped in Greenwich
Village. The bulk of her noteworthy writing was done after his death in
1924. She remarried briefly.
B. 07-01-1899, Doris Livesey Reynolds, English geologist
B. 07-01-1903, Irna Phillips, U.S. radio script writer who developed
the genre of the radio and TV soap opera. Starting with a ten-minute drama
on a Chicago radio station (it tried to block her further progress), in
1932 she sold a similar program to the networks and the Queen of the Soaps
was on her way. She wrote a dozen different shows and by 1943 she had five
daily shows going at one time including the enduring Guiding Light,
hiring a staff of writers for the daily scripting. When TV destroyed the
careers of so many writers, IP moved easily into the format starting with
Guiding Light (1952), As the World Turns (1956), and Days
of Our Lives (1965), the most famous radio and TV soap operas of history.
Her writing was superior and many have mourned the passing of her higher
B. 07-01-1904, Mary Calderone, U.S. physician and author, pioneer
in sex education in schools; medical director of Planned Parenthood - World
Population, and cofounder and medical director of Sex Information and Education
Council of U.S. (SIECUS) which emphasizes educational material about sex
for young people. She was noted as one of the 50 most influential women
in America and received 12 honorary degress for her distinquished service
to humanity. She wrote Manual of Family Planning and Contraceptive Practice.
B. 07-01-1908, Este Lauder, learned sales at the family hardware
store, was introduced to beauty products by her uncle, a skin specialist
from whom she learned to manufacture and develop skin creams. She started
by giving free demonstrations and a small gift to customers. As her business
burgeoned, she divorced and later remarried her former husband who agreed
to run the factory which produced the Lauder beauty products while she
did the promotions, marketing, and sales. She personally opened all Lauder
outlets and hired the staff which was to reflect her standards of physical
attractiveness as well as a balanced personality.
B. 07-01-1913, Jo Sinclair - U.S. novelist. Her first novel Wasteland
won the $10,000 Harper & Brothers prize for the best study of an aspect
of U.S. life. (Cleveland) Sinclair was the pen name of Ruth Seid, daughter
of Russian Jewish immigrants, and was raised in abject poverty.
B. 07-01-1915, Jean Stafford, U.S. novelist and short story writer,
won 1970 Pulitzer Prize for her Collected Stories. She was noted
for character development.
B. 07-01-1916, Olivia De Havilland, U.S. actor won Academy Awards
for her work in To Each His Own (1946) and The Heiress (1949).
However, she is probably best known for her role as Melanie in Gone
With the Wind (1939). Her suit against a contract she had signed as
a beginning actor broke the film studios lifetime monopoly on contract
actors. It limited acting contracts to seven years (including suspensions).
Her sister was Joan Fontaine (10-22-1917) who also won an Academy Award.
The sisters were never friendly.
B. 07-01-1931, Leslie Caron, French actor/dancer best known for
her roles in An U.S. in Paris (1951), and Gigi (1958). She
received Academy Award nominations for Lili (1953) and The L-Shaped
Room (1963). Her dancing scene with Gene Kelly in An U.S. in Paris
(1951) is one of the most replayed sequences in film history.
B. 07-01-1934, Jean Marsh, British actor best known for her role
in TV's long running PBS series Upstairs-Downstairs.
B. 07-01-1941, Twyla Tharp, U.S. dancer and choreographer of
tremendous ingenuity and talent. A major innovator in dance, TT combined
tap, ballet, jazz, and social dancing in choreographing much acclaimed
ballets, musical products, Broadway, and Hollywood films. She was much
admired as a dancer.
B. 07-01-1942, Genevieve Bujold, U.S. actor. A noted crafter
of her art, she may be most known for the role she turned down, that of
Captain Janeway of the starship Voyager in the long running Star Trek series.
B. 07-01-1942 Karen Black, U.S. actor.
B. 07-01-1948, Maria Cuevas, one of the founders of the National
Women's History Project.
Event 07-01-1954: the social security reform that allows women
to retire and receive benefits at age 62 takes effect. Men still had to
wait until 65 but that would be change shortly.
B. 07-01-1958, Nancy Lieberman-Cline, U.S. basketball player
who led her college team to two national titles, played on two U.S. Olympic
teams, played on men's professional teams, organized women's leagues, and
at 40 was an active player with the Women's National Basketball league.
In 1999 she becomes the coach in the WNBA for the Detroit team.
B. 07-01-1961, Kalpana Chawla, U.S. astronaut born in India.
Her parents still reside in New Delhi. She, like all women astronauts,
KC holds a Ph.D.
B. 07-01-1961, Diane, Princess of Wales, who following her divorce
from Britain's Prince Charles, became a worldwide spokesperson for many
charities and causes including the banning of land mines and AIDS. She
died tragically in an automobile accident and her funeral in 1998 was televised
worldwide in an unprecedented wave of grief. She was hounded by the paparrazi
and her death was fully attributed to them, as her brother said, "she
was the most hunted woman on the face of this earth."
B. 07-01-1967 Pamela Anderson, U.S. poster-girl for implants,
Event 07-01-1970: New York City adopted a law that allowed abortion
during the first 24 weeks of pregnancy.
B. 07-01-1977 Liv Tyler - U.S. actor. If you haven't seen LT
in Cookie's Fortune (1966) you have missed one of her greatest character
Event: 07-01-1984, the men of Liechtenstein become the last men
in Europe to remove barriers which prevented women from voting. .
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QUOTES DU JOUR
of the past is perhaps the greatest of all crimes."
--Simone Weil, The Need for Roots (1952).
CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM
"If you are
under 25, you are an apathetic Generation X-er. If you are over 40, you
are an indulgent baby boomer. If you are a liberal, you are a bleeding
heart. If you are a conservative, you have no heart. If you are a Democratic
president from Arkansas, you are accused of being all of the above depending
on what day it is, and if you are the wife of the Democratic president
from Arkansas, you have to worry about your hair a lot."
-- First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton discussing the subject "pigeonholing"
during a college commencement speech, May, 1996.
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